Alphaville Videoteca
Archivo audiovisual de cine clásico, independiente, experimental y de culto

The Roots of Japanese Anime until the End of WWII

Japón| Animación| 1930-1942|120 minutos
Título original: The Roots of Japanese Anime until the End of WWII
Dirección: Noburo Ofuji, Yasuji Murata, Kiyoji Nishikura, Yoshitaro Kataoka, Kenzo Masaoka, Mitsuyo Seo
Idioma: Japonés Subtítulos: Inglés
Formato: DVD-R

Antología de animé realizados en Japón entre 1930 y 1942, en los que se retrata a la sociedad japonesa previa a la 2ª Guerra Mundial. Incluye películas realizadas por los pioneros como Noburo Ofuji, Yasuji Murata y Kenzo Masaoka, además de Águila marina de Momotaro de Mitsuyo Seo, la famosa animación bélica anunciada como el primer largometraje de animación de Japón.


Noburo Ofuji / 1930/ 3 min.
One of the Japan’s greatest animators, Noburo Ofuji (1900-1961)  used traditional Edo chiyogami paper to give a cut-out  animation version of Japanese village life.
Includes the educational song that was played  via phonograph during film screenings.

Noburo Ofuji / 1931 / 4 min.
Another sing-a-long Edo chiyogami paper film by Noburo Ofuji.
The song, sung by an artist active in Asakura Opera,  offers a delightful glimpse of 1930s pop music culture and a celebration of the seasons. Song of Spring is presented in a tinted print.
 Noburo Ofuji / 1936 / 9 min.
 Noburo Ofuji, whose name now dons Japan’s most prestigious award in animation, used not cut paper but cel animation  to tell this humorous tale of a mischievous pup who tries to steal the treasure of an undersea king.

 Yasuji Murata / 1930 / 8 min.
 Yasuji Murata (1896-1966) was a pioneer in educational animation films, but is most remembered as a master of cutout animation. Many Japanese folk tales tell of a human being saving an animal and receiving a reward in return. The Monkey Masamune is one such story.

 Kiyoji Nishikura / 1931 / 7 min.
 Based on a hit song by the child star Hideko Hirai from 1929, this gem provides glimpses of 1930s popular culture through introducing the typical life of a bright, energetic young girl.

 Yoshitaro Kataoka / 1935 / 10 min.
 Danemon Ban, an actual historical figure famous for his strength and leadership—and for his drinking—comically takes on raccoons posing as movie samurai. An anime strongly influenced by contemporary manga.

 Kenzo Masaoka /1939 / 14 min.
 Kenzo Masaoka (1898-1988) is celebrated for helping introduce sound and cel animation to anime. In this enchanting work, the warrior priest Benkei and Ushiwaka (Yoshitsune Minamoto, 1159-1189), two of the most celebrated heroes in Japanese history, duel it out on Gojo Bridge.

Mitsuyo Seo / 1942 / 37 min.
 One of early anime’s most notorious and historically important works, directed by Mitsuyo Seo, Japan’s first master of feature animation. The legendary “Peach Boy” Momotaro leads his animal vassals to bomb Pearl Harbor—and Popeye’s Bluto as the representative American demon—in a work that reveals both the brilliant manipulation of anime technique (particularly the multiplanar camera), as well as the uses of animation for wartime propaganda for children.